The paper has the following title “Dead Weight: validation of mass regression equations on experimentally burned skeletal remains to assess skeleton completeness” and tests the MassReg app on the experimentally burned skeletons of the 21st Century Identified Collection of the Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology from the University of Coimbra. When compared with the more conventional method of comparing skeletal mass with reference values obtained on modern crematories, the app presented a better performance in most cases. Although initially developed for unburned skeletal remains, the MassReg appears to perform well on burned skeletal remains as well and appears to be a very useful tool to assess how complete a skeleton in combination with bone inventory.
Our latest trip to the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory caught the eye of the BBC. Check out the piece broadcasted on the 8th of December of 2016, featuring our collaborators Maria Paula Marques, Luís Batista de Carvalho, Ana Vassalo from the University of Coimbra and Giulia Festa from the University of Rome.
We attended the 3rd Meeting of the Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal e Ciências Forenses that took place on the 9-11th of November, 2016. These were our talks and poster:
Aplicação do método de Lamendin para a estimativa de idade em dentes recentemente extraídos de uma amostra portuguesa actual
Santos I, Gouveia M, Cunha E, Gonçalves D
Estudo pioneiro sobre as variações pós-deposicionais em restos esqueléticos queimados e não-queimados: implicações para a bioantropologia
Amarante A, Ferreira MT, Cunha E, Gonçalves D
Individualização de vestígios humanos queimados dispersos e/ou misturados através da espectroscopia vibracional
Makhoul C, Cunha E, Batista de Carvalho L, Gonçalves D
The Force awakens? O efeito da gravidade na ocorrência de deformação térmico-induzida
Vassalo A, Mamede A, Ferreira MT, Cunha, Gonçalves D
A new thesis based on the HOT project was brilliantly defended by Ana Amarante with the title Burned bones vs unburned bones: a pilot study about the impact of differential post-depositional taphonomy on bioanthropological research.
The thesis was presented under the Masters on Human Evolution and Biology at the Department of Life Sciences of the University of Coimbra. We intend to publish some of the results in 2017 and we’ll let you know when that happens.
You can download here our latest posters!
|85th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology (13-16th April of 2016, Atlanta, USA)
Sex diagnosis of the human dentition after heat exposure: the potential of cementum-enamel junction and root dimensions
Gouveia M, Santos IO, Santos AL, Gonçalves D
|50th Dental Anthropology Scientific Symposium (9-11th June of 2016, Zagreb, Croatia)
A peek into burnt teeth: analyses of dental tissues for age at death estimation
Santos IO, Gouveia M, Cunha E, Gonçalves D (2016)
Marques MP, Gonçalves D, Amarante A, Makhoul C, Parker S, Batista de Carvalho LA (accepted) Osteometrics in burned human skeletal remains by neutron and optical vibrational spectroscopy. RSC Advances, 6: 68638-68641 DOI: 10.1039/C6RA13564A
Vassalo A, Cunha E, Batista de Carvalho LA, Gonçalves D (accepted) Rather yield than break: assessing the influence of human bone collagen content on heat-induced warping through vibrational spectroscopy. International Journal of Legal Medicine. DOI: 10.1007/s00414-016-1400-x
Gonçalves D, Pires AE (2016) Cremation under fire: a review of bioarchaeological approaches from 1995 to 2015 Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0333-0
HOT Project related researches were presented in these two events. Podium and poster presentations were given at the 1st conference of the Associação Portuguesa de Ciências Forenses in Porto (February 12).
Discrimination of burned human remains through vibrational spectroscopy
Makhoul C (presenter), Batista de Carvalho L, Cunha E, Gonçalves D
In Las Vegas, our talk at the AAFS meeting (February 22-27) had the following title:
Forensic examination of burned human skeletal remains: shifting the paradigm
Gonçalves D, d’Oliveira Coelho J, Makhoul C, Santos I, Vassalo T, Ferreira MT, Batista de Carvalho L, Cunha E (presenter)
A new paper with collaboration of the HOT Project was accepted by the open-access Journal of Spectroscopy!
The advantage of combining ATR–IR and XRD analyses of burned skeletal remains for the estimation of maximum temperature.
Piga G, Gonçalves D, Thompson TJU, Brunetti A, Enzo S, Malgosa A
A researcher will be recruited under the IRonBONE project (PTDC/IVC-ANT/1201/2014). Application starts tomorrow and eligibility and conditions can be consulted here.
Among other requisites, the candidate should have a Master’s degree in Biological Anthropology and have some experience in vibrational spectroscopy. The deadline is 8th of January of 2016.